memorendum Regarding places of freedom struggle in Pakistan


Professor Chaman Lal Dated:-8th June 2007
Centre of Indian Languages (SLL&CS)
Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi -110067 (INDIA)

Honorable President of India
Rashtarpati Niwas New Delhi
Subject: Regarding places of freedom struggle in Pakistan.
Respected Sir,
I had been to Lahore and some surrounding areas in this April, in connection with an international seminar on Dr. B.R.Ambedkar. Since I am keenly involved with the study of national freedom movement, particularly about the role of Bhagat Singh, I was keen to visit places related to our great national martyr. After visiting some of the places like Bradlaugh Hall, the headquarter of freedom movement in pre-partition Punjab, Phansighat a part of Central Jail Lahore, which now had been demolished and Shadman square come up at the place. This was the place where apart from Bhagat Singh; nearly hundred patriots like Gadar party hero Kartar Singh Sarabha had been executed. I also visited the house in Chak no. 105. Bange in Lyallpur, now called Faislabad district, where Bhagat Singh was born. Some photographs of these places I am attaching along with the details of my visit.
In the background of above, I make an earnest request to you and Government of India to approach Government of Pakistan to declare some of these places as national monuments of Pakistan, as the freedom struggle against British colonialism, prior to partition, had been fought jointly by the patriotic people, now divided into three different countries. I wish to draw particular attention towards:
1. Phansighat of erstwhile Central jail Lahore—after the demolition of jail, this area had been developed into Shadman Colony and Shadman square in the colony was the exact location of Phansighat. Many Indian and Pakistani civilians together hold memorial meetings at this location on 23rd March every year to pay respects to the memory of the martyrs. Many members of Indian Parliament have also participated in these programs along with Kuldip Nayar and Rajinder Sachar like people. F. E. Chaudhary, 98 year first photo journalist of Pakistan, who was allowed to photograph the phansighat and other parts of jail, prior to demolition, is still alive with the file of photographs. Government of India should approach Government of Pakistan to erect a suitable memorial at this location in memory of patriots of anti colonial freedom struggle against British colonialism, which include many Muslims belonging to the present geographical area of Pakistan as well. Pakistani people and society in general also wishes to have such memorial and many times some groups of Lahore have raised this demand from their Government. It would be in the fitness of the things, if in the centenary year of Bhagat Singh’s birth, Indian and Pakistani Government could agree to erect such memorial at Shadman chowk or phansighat,, which would have support of Pakistani people as well.
2. . The same way, memorial or at least a plaque should be put up at the house in Chak no. 105, Bange in Faislabad district. In fact people of Pakistan, on their own have put up a signboard with Bhagat Singh’s picture on the main road leading to his village. Some good smirtan has even put up Bhagat Singh town as mark of respect for the martyr. I was told that lot of Indians used to visit the place prior to 1965, before the deterioration of state relations between two countries. Now also lot many people wish to visit, particularly among Sikh pilgrimage going to Nankana sahib, as the place is not very far from Nankana Sahib. This village should also be got included in the list of places allowed to be visited by Sikh pilgrimage visa holders.
3. Bradlaugh all is in dilapidated condition, though the old grandeur of building can be observed. It still has the plaque of foundation stone being laid by eminent nationalist Surender Nath Sen in 1900. This hall needs to be protected as monument or even as heritage building. This would be in fitness of the things to approach Pakistan Government with the due respect to state sovereignty to take care of this historic building, which had National College in its vicinity from 1922 to 1926, where Bhagat singh was a student and which was established by Lala Lajpat Rai. In fact Bhagat singh and his group also used this building as semi-office for their activities.
4. There are other buildings like Dwarka Dass Library, located in Lajpat Rai Bhavan, which now house Police fingerprint bureau or S.S.P office road, in front of which Saundras was killed by Bhagat singh. A request should be made to Government of Pakistan to at least put plaques for information at those locations. During 150th year celebration of first war of independence, which is being celebrated in Pakistan as well, birth centenary year of Bhagat singh, which many non-Govt. organizations are celebrating in Pakistan as too, it would be better if India and Pakistan could come closer, both at Governmental and non-Governmental level, to share the common cultural heritage of thousands of years, through having common approach towards anti colonial freedom struggle against British colonialism.
I hope and wish that due attention would be paid to the issues raised in this letter and all necessary steps would be taken to get some of the buildings protected with historic sign marks.
With true regards
Chaman Lal
(Editor-Complete Documents of Bhagat singh)

Copy to Prime Minister of India and heads of Political Parties

Tel. 011-26704656 (Mob.-09868774820 Email: –


calender of martayers


2.1.1939- Shahid Hazara Singh Ooty Train Case.
5.1.1928- Maulvi Barkat Ullah Khan (Bhoopal) Ghadr party.
11.1.1928- Shahid Mewa Singh (Lopoke, Amritsar) Hanged in Vancouver , Canada.
17 & 18.1.1872- 65 Namdhari blown off with cannons at Malerkotla.
01 was killed with sword.
19.1. – Shahid Sewa Singh Thikriwala (Patiala Jail).
12.1.1931.- Malti Malapa Balseti, Jagan Nath, C. Shinde, Sh. Krishan Sharda, Abdul Russul, Qurban Hussain, Hanged in Yerwada Jail. Accused in Martial Law after Salt Satyagraha.
12.1.1934- Shahid (Master) Surya Sen, Shahid Tarkeshwar Dastidar (Then Bengal, Now Bangala Desh), Chittagong Armoury Raid case, Hanged.
20.1.1916- Shahid Bhola Nath Chatterji while attempting to bring weapons from German.

10.2.1916- Shahid Sohan Lal Pathak (Patti, Amritsar, now Taran Tarn) Ghadr Party Hanged in Mandley (Burma)
15.2.1915- Singapore Mutiny- Ghadr Party- 5th Light infantry & 36 Punjabi Pulton Revolt. 2 Hanged. 38 executed by firing squad.
15.2.1916- 60 hanged after Singapore Mutiny, 40 other were killed in encounter- Ghadr Party.
16.2.1933- Shahid Kalipad Mukherji (Dhaka Jail) Civil Disobiendience Movement.
17.2.1883 – Shahid Vasudev Balwant Fadke, rebel leader of Maharashtra (Adan Jail).
19.2.1915 – Date fixed by Ghadr Party for general rising.
20.2.1921 – 86 got martyrdom in Nankana Sahib Firing.
21.2.1910 – Shahid Varinder Nath Das Gupta Hanged in Alipur (Bengal) Conspiracy Case.
27.2.1926 – (Holi) Six Babar Akalis were hanged in Lahore Central Jail.
1. Jathedar Kishan Singh (Waring, Jalandhar)
2. Karam Singh (Manko, Jalandhar)
3. Nand Singh (Ghurial, Jalandhar)
4. Babu Santa Singh (Shoti Harion, Ludhiana)
5. Dalip Singh (Dhamian, Hoshiarpur)
6. Dharam Singh (Hayatpur, Hoshiarpur)
27.2.1931- Shahid Chander Shekhar Azad- Police encounter in Alfred Park (Now Azad Park) Alahabad.


1.3.1924- Shahid Gopi Mohan Saha (Hanged in Calcutta)
8.3.1915- Shahid Russul. Shahid Imtiaz Ali, Shahid Ramnudin- Ghadr Party – Singapore- died with bullet shots.
13.3.1942- Sh. Satynand Puri, Giani Pritam Singh, Shri Akram, Shri Neelkanth Aiyar- I.N.A. (Died in Air Crash)
21.3.1916- Havaldar Jal Sawar Singh Hanged in Delhi Jail (Ghadr Party)
21.3.1923- Jaito Morcha- 19 killed 28 injured.
23.3.1939- Lahore- Kissan Morcha – 6 killed.
23.3.1915- Subedar Dadu Khan, Zamadar Chishti Khan, Havaldar Abdul Gani, Havaldar Rehmat Ali (Hanged in Singapore) Ghadr Party.
23.3.1917- Dr. Mathura Singh (Hanged in Lahore) Ghadr Party.
23.3. 1931- Bhagat Singh, Rajguru, Sukhdev (Hanged in Lahore)- Saunders murder case.


13.4.1919- Jallianwala Bagh Massacre.
(Names and addresses of 406 martyrs are published in Punjabi book “Hindustan Di Azadi Di Larai wich Punjab- Bhag Pehla- Ram Singh Majitha).
15.4.1931- Shahid Subodh Dey (in Jail) Chittagong Armoury Raid.
18.4.1898- Shahid Chapekar- Hanged in Yervada Jail.
18.4.1930- Attack on Govt Armoury Chittagong (Then Bengal, now Bangla Desh) started at 10.30 AM.
20.4.1915- Arjan Singh Khukhrana (Ferozepur, now Moga) hanged in Lahore Jail- Ghadr Party.
22.4.1930- Martyrs of Chittagong Armoury Raid.
1. Hari Gopal Baul 2. Tripura Sen
3. Nirmal Lala 4. Bidhu Bhushan Bhattacharya
5. Naresh Ray 6. Sasanka Dutta
7. Madhu Sudan Dutta 8. Pulin Bikash Ghosh
9. Jiten Das Gupta 10. Prabhas Baul.
23.4.1930- Shahid Mati Lal Kanungo Bullet fire.
23.4.1930 – Revolt of Garhwal regiment sepoys at Peshawar, refused to fire on unarmed Satyagrahis.
24.4.1930 – 1, Ardhendu Dastidar 2. Amrendra Nandi Died in Police encounter in Chittagong Armoury Raid case.
26.4.1915 – Lains Dafedar Ishar Singh, Quarter Master Biba Singh, Shahid Hazara Singh, Sepoy Phoola Singh – Court Martial at Meerut (Hanged in Meerut Jail) – Ghadr Party.
28.4.1930 – Himangsu Bimal Sen- Died in police encounter in Chittagong Armoury Raid Case.

1.5.1908 – Shahid Prafful Kumar Chaki- police encounter (comrade of Khudi Ram Bose).
1.5.1933 – Shahid Roshan Lal Mehra (Amritsar) Died in bomb explosion (Madras Revolutionary group)
3.5.1931 – Shahid Jagdish Lal – police encounter in Shalimar Bagh Lahore.
4.5.1933 – Shahid Gobind Ram Verma- died in bomb explosion (Madras Revolutionary Group).
8.5.1899 – Shahid Chapekar – Hanged (Maharashtra) (Chapekar brother movement)
8.5.1915 – Master Amir Chand, Bhai Bal Mukad, Avad Bihari – Hanged in Delhi Jail viceroy Hardinge Bomb case.
10.5.1915 – Basant Viswas – Hanged- Viceroy Hardinge Bomb Case.
10.5.1857 – Beginning of 1857 Great Revolt.
10.5.1899 – Shahid Ranade (Maharashtra) Hanged. (Chapekar brothers movement).
14.5.1934 – Shahid Baikunth Shukal (village Jalalpur Pachhmi, distt Vaishali, police station Lal Ganj, Bihar) Hanged in Gaya Central Jail, Bihar (Comrade of Bhagat Singh).
Phaninder Ghose (Chief approver, L.C.C)., murder case.
(Note :-Chanderma Singh was sentenced life imprisonment in this case.)
17.5.1933 – Shahid Mahabir Singh, died with force feeding during hunger strike in Cellular Jail Andemans.
26.5.1933 – Shahid Man Krishan Namdas died in Cellular Jail Andemans during hunger strike (Bengali Revolutionary).
28.5.1933 – Shahid Mohit Mohan Metra died in Cellular Jail Andemans during hunger strike (Bengali Revolutionary).
28.5.1930 – Shahid Bhagwati Charan Vohra, died due to bomb explotion at the bank of Ravi near Lahore (comrade of Bhagat Singh and husband of Durga Bhabi.

2.6.1917 – Shahid Atma Ram, Hanged in Shanghai (China) Ghadr Party.
8.6.1924 – Shahid Babar Wariyam Singh Dhuga- police encounter in Chak no- 54 Lallyal pur.
9.6.1931 – Shahid Hari Kishan Sarhadi- Hanged in Mianwali Jail (Comrade of Bhagat Singh)
10.6.1917 – Shahid Jawand Singh(Nangal Kalan, Hoshiarpur)
18.6.1916 – Bir Singh (Bahowal, Hoshiarpur, Ishar Singh (Dhudike,Moga), Ranga Singh (Khurdpur, Jalandhar), Roor Singh (Talwandi Dosanjh, Moga), Uttam Singh (Hans, Ludhiana) Hanged in Lahore centeral Jail- Ghadr Party.
20.6.1935 – Shahid Manender Banerji- died during hunger strike in Fatehgarh Jail (H.S.R.A.)

18.7.1927 – 14 men, women and children died in police firing at village Kothala, Malerkotla State.
4.7.11936 – Shahid Hazara Singh, Tata Nagar.
7.7.1931 – Shahiid Dinesh Gupta, hanged (Bengali revolutionary)
15-7-193 – Babar Rattan Singh (Rurki, Nawan Shahr)- died in police encounter.
20.7.1910 – Shahid Sawarn Singh (Uncle of Shahid Bhagat Singh) died in central jail Lahore, Peasant’s movement, Pagri Sambhal Jatta movement.
31.7.1940 –Shahid Udham Singh (Sunam, Sangroor) Hanged in Pentinville Jail London.
31.7.1857 – Britishers filled a well at village Ajnala (Amritsar) with dead bodies of rebel sepoys.

4.8.1931 – Shahid Ram Kishan Viswas, Hanged in Alipore Jail (Bengal), Chittagong Armoury Raid Case.
5.8.1871 – Four Namdharies of village Pitho (Bathinda) were hanged at Raikot (Ludhiana).
9.8.1915 – Atma Singh (Thathikhara, Amritsar), Kala Singh (Jagatpur, Amritsar), Chanan Singh (Boor Chand- Amritsar), Harnam Singh (Thathikhara, Amritsar) Walla Bridge Case- Ghadr Party.
9.8.1942 – Beginning of Quit India Movement.
11.8.1942 – Shahid Khudi Ram Bose, Hanged, Mujaferpur Bomb Case.
12.8.1915 – Shahid Banta Singh (Sanghwal, Jalandhar), Hanged in Lahore Jail, Ghadr Party.
12.8.1915 – Shahid Boota Singh (Akalgarh, Ludhiana) Ghadr Party.
15.8.1955 – Shahid Karnail Singh (Isru, Ludhiana) died with bullet fire. Goa libration movement.
17.8. 1909 – Shahid Madan Lal Dhingra, Hanged in Pentonville Jail, London – Killed Sir Kurzon Wylle.
19.8.1916 – Harnam Singh (Kahri, Hoshiarpur), Chelia Ram (Sahnewal, Ludhiana), Wasava Singh (Wara, Hoshiarpur), Naranjan Singh (Sangatpur, Ludhiana), Pala Singh (Sherpur, Patiala State ), Narain Singh (Ballo, Bathinda) Mandley Burma Conspiracy Case, Hanged in Mandley Jail- Ghadr Party.
21.8.1922 – Beginning of Guru Ka Bag Morcha.

1.9.1923 – Babar Karam Singh Editor (Daulatpur, Jalandhar, now Nawan Shahr), Babar Udai Singh (Ramgarh Jhungian, Hoshiarpur), Babar Mohinder Singh (Pandori Ganga Singh, Hoshiarpur) Babar Bishan Singh (Mangat, Jalandhar)- Encounter at village Babeli.
1.9.1932 – Abdul Rashid, Hanged in Paeshawar Jail (N.B.S.).
3.9.1915 – Martyrs of 23rd Cavalary- court martialled at Dagshai (Himachal Pardesh) Hanged in Ambala Jail,
1. Dafedar Lachhman Singh (Chuslewar, Amritsar)
2. Dafedar Wadhawa Singh (Rudiwal, Amritsar)
3. Bhag Singh (Rudiwal, Amritsar)
4. Mota Singh (udiwal, Amritsar)
5. Tara Singh (Rudiwal, Amritsar)
6. Inder Singh (Jeo Bala, Amritsar)
7. Inder Singh (Shahbazpur, Amritsar)
8. Buta Singh (Kasel, Amritsar)
9. Gujjar Singh (Lahuke, Amritsar)
10. Jetha Singh (Lahuke, Amritsar)
11. Budh Singh(Dhotian, Amritsar)
12. Abdula (Tupral, Gujranwal).
9.9.1915 – Chitapriya Choudhary – (Calcutta), police encounter.
10.9.1915 – Jatinder Mukerji (Calcutta) Police encounter.
13.9.1915 – Judgement of Lahore conspiracy case announced (Ghadr Party):24 revolutionists were awarded death sentence. Later on death sentence of 17 revolutionists was commuted to transportation for life.
13.9.1929 – Jatinder Nath Das died in Lahore Jail during hunger strike (H.S.R.A.)
24.9.1932 – Priti Lata Waddader- Police encounter (Comrade of Master Surya Sen).
29.9.1914 – Budge-Budge Ghat (Calcutta) Massacre
1. Shihan Singh s/o Sewa Singh of Kot Datta P.S. Sirhali, Distt. Amritsar.
2. Arjan Singh s/o Lakha Singh of Dhadde Distt. Jalandhar.
3. Inder Singh s/o Vir Singh of Sidhwan, P.S. Rahon, Distt, Jalandhar.
4. Narain Singh s.o Bachan Singh of Longedeva, P.S. Zira, Distt. Ferozepur.
5.Lachhman Singh s/o Deva Singh of Mano Chahal, P.S. Taran Taran Distt. Amritsar.
6. Rur Singh s/o Labh Singh of Kaonke Distt. Amritsar.
7. Bhajan Singh s/o Anokh Singh of Rajiana, P.S. Dhanaula, Nabha State.
8. Chanan Singh s/o Kahan Singh of Wazidke, Barnala.
9. Shiv Singh s/o Mehtab Singh of Nanke, P.S Tarn Taran , Distt. Amritsar.
10. Rur Singh s/o Sher Singh of Langiana, P.S Bajewala, Distt. Ferozepur.
11. Kumar Singh s/o Ram Singh of Pakhri, Faridkot.
12. Ishwar Singh s/o Jiwa Singh of Manake Sidhu, P.S Jagraon, Distt. Ludhiana.
13. Inder Singh of Manuke, died by Drowning.
14. Smt. Rukmani Kanta Mazumdar (Bengal).
15. Deen Bandhu Pande (Oriya).
16. Bhagat Singh s/o Hira Singh of Rajiana, P.S. Moga, Distt. Hoshiarpur.
17. Meeta Singh s/o Bishan Singh of Lil Majri, P.S. Raikot. Distt. Ludhiana.
18. Kehar Singh s/o Jhanda Singh of Khemoana, P.S. Raikot, Distt. Ludhiana.
19. Rattan Singh s/o Batan Singh of Jamsher, Distt Jalandhar.
20. Tehal Singh s/o Ganda Singh of Ramvela, P.S. Sirhali, Distt. Amritsar. (Died by drowning).

1.10.1918 – Satyanand Sarkar, died in police custody (Bengal Revolutionary)
7.10.1918 – Sushil Chander Lehri, Hanged in Midnapur ,Bengal (Banaras Conspiracy case.
25.10.1923 – Babar Dhana Singh (Behbalpur, Hoshiarpur) Bomb explosion at village Mananhana, Hoshiarpur, killed five police men, two police men Horton and Jackson (police superintendants) were severely wounded died later on.

5.11.1945 – Trial case started on I.N.A. patriots in Red Fort Delhi.
10.11.1908 – Kanai Lal Dutt- hanged in Manipur central Jail.
16.11.1915 – Seven Ghadrities hanged in Lahore Central Jail (L.C.C.)
Kartar Singh (Sarabha, Ludhiana), Vishnu Ganesh Pingle (Talegaon Dhamtera, Poona, Maharashtra), Jagat Singh (Sursingh, Amritsar), Harnam Singh (Bhatti Goraya, Sialkot), Surain Singh s/o Boor Singh (Gilwali, Amritsar), Surain Singh s/o Ishar Singh (Gilwali, Amritsar), Bakshish Singh (Gilwali, Amritsar).
21.11.1908 – Satinder Nath (Bengal) Hanged.
22.11.1915 – Narnder Das Gupta, Manoranjan Sen Gupta, Hanged in Balasour Jail.
25.11.1944 – Raj Narain Mishar _ Quit India Movement, Chanda Singh (Waraich, Ludhiana), Dhian Singh (Bangasi, Ludhiana)- Died in police encounter at Pherushar.
26.11.1871 – Suba Giani Rattan Singh (Mandi Kalan, Bathinda) Sant———– Publically hanged on bohar tree infront of Ludhiana jail.
30.11.1918 – Kanta Chakarvarti – died in police custody.

4.12.1924 – Jyotish Chander (Bairampur, Bengal)
8.12.1930 – Shahid Sudhir Gupta , attacked on Writers building, Calcutta.
13.12.1930 – Benoy Basu, attacked on Writers building, Calcutta.
15.12.1913 – Kumud Bandhu Bhattacharya Egra Midnapur- died in police custody.
17.12.1927 – Rajender Lehiri- Hanged in Gonda Jail (Kakori Case)
18.12.1932 – Jeetu Chetka-
19.12.1927 – Ram Parsad Bismil- hanged in Gorakhpur Jail (Kakori case)
19.12.1927 – Ashfaq Ullah Khan – hanged in Faizabad Jail (Kakori case)
21.12.1927 – Raushan Singh Kakori case – Naini Jail.
27.12.1921 – Genda Lal Dixit (Manipur bomb case)
29.12.1919 – Makhan Lal Ghose – Hazari Bag Jail.